Text by: REMON ROOIJ, GREGORY BRACKEN, DOMINIC STEAD, ROBERTO ROCCO

The Department of Urbanism of the TU Delft is organised in five sections: Spatial Planning & Strategy (SPS), Urban Design, Environmental Modelling, Urban Studies, and Landscape Architecture. SPS has three distinct and complementary pillars:

(i) Spatial Planning & Strategy,
(ii) Regional Design and Planning, and
(iii) International Urbanisation & Development Planning. Spatial Planning at TU Delft has an evident, but unique relationship with spa-tial design, focusing on the development and transformation of spatial form, composition, patterns, structures, and networks.

Spatial Planning, together with Design and Technology, form the key pillars to Urbanism at Delft University of Technology. This integra-tive approach to urbanism has a long history at TU Delft and makes the University’s academic profile in spatial planning highly distinctive and also highly ranked.

All over the world, cities and regions are chal-lenged by the risks and opportunities associ-ated with accelerating challenges arising from migration, climate change, the fourth industrial revolution, globalisation, rising inequality, and political instability. They face urgent ques-tions with respect to sustainable growth and transformation that can only be tackled in an interdisciplinary integrative way that promotes social, economic, and environmental sustain-ability and spatial justice. In other words, they are not only concerned with what to do (i.e. the objectives of spatial planning) but also with how to do it (i.e. processes of democratic citizen engagement and governance).

Over recent decades, spatial planning, pol-icy making and territorial governance have changed drastically. First, trends of deregulation and decentralisation have had a large impact on traditionally strong spatial planning authori-ties, such as national governments and nation-al bodies of planning. They have repositioned themselves and gotten new responsibilities, but regional and local planning authorities have had to adapt as well. Additionally, at least in the European Union, private stakeholders and civil society have been given much more room to co-create spatial plans and interven-tions with those planning authorities. Spatial planning has developed into an inter- and transdisciplinary activity, especially in ad-vanced economies.

Secondly, vision and strategy-making have become mainstream in spatial planning with an increased understanding of the complex, uncertain, networked, and dynamic nature of cities and regions. Planning for resilience and sustainability, for organic growth, for flexibil-ity, and for adaptivity means that planning has become a process of intensive interaction, negotiation, and communication between in-volved stakeholders, looking for shared visions and strategies to go forward. Such a process is helped by diverse tools and ways of approach-ing the tasks at hand, with the formulation of alternative spatial scenarios and by vision and strategy-making. These tools contribute to a new planning paradigm that focuses on com-munication and consensus-seeking in collab-orative decision-making processes. This has increased the need for urbanism-planning pro-fessionals who can lead, guide, facilitate, medi-ate, manage, and steer those processes, across a variety of spatial scales, from neighbourhood to city-region and beyond.

Thirdly, spatial planning has become a more digitised and digitally supported process in many ways. In several places, spatial planning processes are based on E-participation and innovative ways of citizen engagement. Urban (big) data and sophisticated 2D and 3D analy-sis, visualisation, modelling, and decision-mak-ing tools are providing urbanism professionals with more input on the city than ever before. Professor Wil Zonneveld is currently the head of the section. He has a wide portfolio of research projects including EU Seventh Framework, government and NGO funded work.

(Simplified Chinese)

代尔夫特理工大学城市规划系由五个部分组成:空间规划与策略(SPS: Spatial Planning & Strategy) 、城市设计(Urban Design) 、环境建模 (Environmental Modelling) 、城市研究 (Urban studies) 和景观建筑学 (Landscape Architecture) 。SPS有三个独特而互补的支柱:

(一)空间规划与策略

(二)区域设计及规划

(三)国际城市化研究与发展规划。代尔夫特理工大学的空间规划专业与空间设计有着明显而独特的关系,特别侧重于空间形态、组成、模式、结构和网络的发展和转变。

空间规划、设计和技术构成了代尔夫特理工大学城市主义的主要支柱。这种城市学科整合主义(Urbanism)的方法在代尔夫特理工大学有着悠久的历史,这使得我们在空间规划方面的全球学术地位非常特殊,排名名列前茅。

首先,世界性的来看,随着移民、气候变化、第四次工业革命、全球化、不平等和政治不稳定带来的挑战不断加剧,城市和地区面临着风险和机遇。它们面临着关于可持续增长和转变的紧迫问题。我们认为,只有以促进社会、经济和环境可持续性和空间正义的跨学科综合方式,才能较有效解决这些问题。换句话说,我们不仅关心作什么(即空间规划的目标),而且关心如何作(即公民参与和公共治理)。

近几十年来,空间规划、政策制定和领土治理发生了巨大变化。首先,放松管制和去中心化的趋势对传统上强有力的空间规划(如中央政府的规划机构)产生了巨大影响。他们重新定位了自己,承担了新的责任,但地区和地方规划部门也必须同时适应。此外,至少在欧盟境内,私人利益相关者和市民社会获得了更多的机会,可以与规划当局共同制定空间规划和相关措施。空间规划已经发展成为一种交叉和跨学科的活动,特别是在发达经济体。

再者,随着人们对城市和区域的复杂性、不确定性、网络化和动态性的理解加深,愿景和战略已经成为空间规划的主流。韧性和可持续性、有机增长、灵活性和适应性的规划思维,意味着规划已经成为参与其中的利益相关者之间进行密集互动、谈判和沟通的过程,寻找共同的愿景和前进的战略。这一过程是通过不同的工具和方法,并通过制定替代的空间情境以及通过远景和战略制定来达成。这些工具有助于形成一种新的规划范式,这种范式侧重于协作性决策过程中的沟通和寻求共识。我们相信,这就增加了对城市规划专业人员的要求,他们要能够领导、指导、促进、调解、管理和引导这些进程,跨越从邻里到城市区域甚至更大的各种空间尺度。

空间规划在很多方面已经成为一个数字化和数字化支持的过程。我們已經看到,在一些案例中,规划过程是基于数字化公民参与的创新方式。城市(大)数据和复杂的2D和3D分析、可视化、建模和决策制定工具正在为城市规划专业人员提供比以往任何时候都更多而複雜的信息。最後,Wil Zonneveld教授是我们的单位领导。他所帶領的研究项目广泛,具体包括欧盟第七合作框架下的项目,以及来自其他政府和非政府组织资助的研究项目。

Traditional Chinese:

代爾夫特理工大學城市規劃系由五個部分組成:空間規劃與策略(SPS: Spatial Planning & Strategy) 、城市設計(Urban Design) 、環境建模 (Environmental Modelling) 、城市研究 (Urban studies) 和景觀建築學 (Landscape Architecture) 。SPS有三個獨特而互補的支柱:

(一)空間規劃與策略

(二)區域設計及規劃

(三)國際城市化研究與發展規劃。代爾夫特理工大學的空間規劃專業與空間設計有著明顯而獨特的關係,特別側重於空間形態、組成、模式、結構和網路的發展和轉變。

空間規劃、設計和技術構成了代爾夫特理工大學城市主義的主要支柱。這種城市學科整合主義(Urbanism)的方法在代爾夫特理工大學有著悠久的歷史,這使得我們在空間規劃方面的全球學術地位非常特殊,排名名列前茅。

首先,世界性的來看,隨著移民、氣候變化、第四次工業革命、全球化、不平等和政治不穩定帶來的挑戰不斷加劇,城市和地區面臨著風險和機遇。它們面臨著關於可持續增長和轉變的緊迫問題。我們認為,只有以促進社會、經濟和環境可持續性和空間正義的跨學科綜合方式,才能較有效解決這些問題。換句話說,我們不僅關心作什麼(即空間規劃的目標),而且關心如何作(即公民參與和公共治理)。

近幾十年來,空間規劃、政策制定和領土治理發生了巨大變化。首先,放鬆管制和去中心化的趨勢對傳統上強有力的空間規劃(如中央政府的規劃機構)產生了巨大影響。他們重新定位了自己,承擔了新的責任,但地區和地方規劃部門也必須同時適應。此外,至少在歐盟境內,私人利益相關者和市民社會獲得了更多的機會,可以與規劃當局共同制定空間規劃和相關措施。空間規劃已經發展成為一種交叉和跨學科的活動,特別是在發達經濟體。

再者,隨著人們對城市和區域的複雜性、不確定性、網路化和動態性的理解加深,願景和戰略已經成為空間規劃的主流。韌性和可持續性、有機增長、靈活性和適應性的規劃思維,意味著規劃已經成為參與其中的利益相關者之間進行密集互動、談判和溝通的過程,尋找共同的願景和前進的戰略。這一過程是通過不同的工具和方法,並通過制定替代的空間情境以及通過遠景和戰略制定來達成。這些工具有助於形成一種新的規劃範式,這種范式側重於協作性決策過程中的溝通和尋求共識。我們相信,這就增加了對城市規劃專業人員的要求,他們要能夠領導、指導、促進、調解、管理和引導這些進程,跨越從鄰里到城市區域甚至更大的各種空間尺度。

空間規劃在很多方面已經成為一個數位化和數位化支持的過程。我們已經看到,在一些案例中,規劃過程是基於數位化公民參與的創新方式。城市(大)資料和複雜的2D和3D分析、視覺化、建模和決策制定工具正在為城市規劃專業人員提供比以往任何時候都更多而複雜的資訊。最後,Wil Zonneveld教授是我們的單位領導。他所帶領的研究項目廣泛,具體包括歐盟第七合作框架下的專案,以及來自其他政府和非政府組織資助的研究專案。

(translated by Cinco Hsinko Yu)